ESSAY ANSWERS – UPSC 2023 ESSAY PAPER[/ux_text] [row] [col span=”4″ span__sm=”12″] [/col] [col span=”4″ span__sm=”12″] [ux_image id=”1356″] [/col] [col span=”4″ span__sm=”12″] [/col] [/row] [row] [col span__sm=”12″]
SECTION – A
- THINKING IS LIKE A GAME, IT DOES’T BEGIN UNLESS THERE IS AN OPPOSITE TEAM.
- VISIONARY DECISION-MAKING HAPPENS AT THE INTERSECTION OF INTUITION AND LOGIC
- NOT ALL WHO WANDER ARE LOST
- INSPIRATION FOR CREATIVITY SPRINGS FROM THE EFFORT TO LOOK FOR MAGICAL IN THE MUNDANE
SECTION – B
- GIRLS ARE WEIGHED DOWN BY RESTRICTIONS, BOYS WITH DEMANDS- TWO EQUALLY HARMFUL DISCIPLINES
- MATHEMATICS IS THE MUSIC OF REASON
- A SOCIETY THAT HAS MORE JUSTICE IS A SOCIETY THAT NEEDS LESS CHARITY
- EDUCATION IS WHAT REMAINS AFTER ONE HAS FORGOTTEN WHAT ONE HAS LEARNT IN SCHOOL
SECTION – A
THINKING IS LIKE A GAME; IT DOESN’T BEGIN UNLESS THERE IS AN OPPOSITE TEAM
“Our best capacity is realized only with a strong opponent”
- We can write the story of how the Vietnamese safeguarded their country from American Assaults in the war.
- The story of our freedom struggle can be a background (history)
- Any current affairs dimension – solar as a solution to energy security
- An opinion – to not align with any block and stay independent
- An idea – Need or a desire to free ourselves from the colonial rule
- A realization that I am not born to be a slave, but to be master of my own destiny.
- We don’t value our adversaries in life. We look at them as obstacles, not realizing that they are the reason for our growth and rise from shadow.
- Everything that a man has discovered is a result of thinking in the presence of an opponent.
- Importance of having an opponent in one’s life
- Valuing the capabilities of the opponent
- Ability to understand the strength of the opponent and countering strategy
- When does thinking start – willingness to do or not to do? We need to make a choice.
- Thinking starts with a belief that I can do it
- Thinking helps us to define our plan, strategize and execute
- Opposite team – could be a person, a challenge, a situation or even the capacity to find a reason for an action
- Give points related to us that we thought and we did
- Give points related to what we are thinking and are going to do
VISIONARY DECISION-MAKING HAPPENS AT THE INTERSECTION OF INTUITION AND LOGIC
“An effort to bring a major change in the absence of intuition and logic is like going on a road trip without a map”
- Give the dimension of the success of Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan ‘
- Give the idea of a visionary decision to land on the moon
- We can Talk about our vision to rise as a voice of the south
- “Our ability to understand something instinctively, without the need for conscious reasoning, if supported by logic, can bring miracles”
- “Many times in our life, if logic fails, intuition helps, but if both intersect at a common point then there is no looking back”
- Every big success, if seen closely, is an intersection of intuition and logic
- Intuition and logic are parts of decision-making. All it entails is processing information and making judgements.
- Intuition can help us to make quick decisions. Logic helps us to be objective.
- How to develop intuition?
- How to develop logic?
- the art of balancing the both
- It is okay if they are complementary – but what if they are conflicting?
- recognition primed decision (rpd)
- making others accept your intuition and logic
NOT ALL WHO WANDER ARE LOST
“Half of the discoveries in the world are a work of wanderers-From America to India”
- Story of the discovery of America and India. Some other scientific inventions can also be taken.
- All that is gold does not glitter.
- Not all those who wander are lost;
- The old that is strong does not wither,
- Deep roots are not reached by the frost.
- Wandering need not be physical only, it can be mental and spiritual as well
- Wandering can also mean the courage to take a path least preferred
- Readiness to face opposition
- The ability to accept new things, some known and some unknown
- Holding an opposing viewpoint need not always mean being wrong
- We can communicate to ourselves the best while wandering
- The ability to connect with nature is best while wandering
- Wandering may seem directionless, but it may lead to beautiful destinations
- Wandering can also help us to disconnect from the thoughts influencing our actions
- Wandering can also give peace of mind
SECTION – B
GIRLS ARE WEIGHED DOWN BY RESTRICTIONS, BOYS WITH DEMANDS- TWO EQUALLY HARMFUL DISCIPLINES
“We kill a girl with restrictions and boys with expectations”
“The day a girl can walk without fear at midnight – India will celebrate its real independence” Gandhi
- Different fields of restrictions and expectations
- The iron curtains of gender biases (Field of Science/Defense)
- A must be required?
- The fixation on the roles of a girl and a boy based on the historical construct is itself flawed and reduces society to a time clock.
- We are chained by our own inabilities rather than strengths
- The boundaries of restrictions and expectations
- The scope of these restrictions and expectations
- The burden of history and culture
- Even in the absence, the burden of judgement
- The courage to face the restrictions and rise above the expectations
- The cost of restrictions and expectations (individual/societal)
- The audacity to not pass the same to the next generation
- The limitations created by these expectations
- Are these restrictions rightful?
- The moral compass of the restrictions and the societal role in its determination
- Is the society taken as an excuse-or it is the society to be blamed
A SOCIETY THAT HAS MORE JUSTICE IS A SOCIETY THAT NEEDS LESS CHARITY
“The progress of a society can be measured more from justice than Charity”
- Justice to the voiceless. Women Reservation Bill
- Rights of the Minorities
- Traditional Forest Dwellers
- The rightful place for animals in the society
- The right of the environment
- The idea of justice is a pre-cursor to the idea of charity
- The requirement of charity is a reflection of injustice
- Charity is a duty and not a favour, as society has failed to earn justice to the needy.
- The responsibility to ensure justice
- Having the strength to say it is not charity but an effort to undo injustice
- Justice as a matter of right
- The societal idea of justice.
- Interlinking of justice and charity – the presence of one, negates the need of other.
- The role of historical events in coming to a common ground on what is justice
- The willingness at least to give charity
- Education/Job perspective
- The right to choose a path of life – be it education/relationship/job etc.
- Ethical quotient of justice
EDUCATION IS WHAT REMAINS AFTER ONE HAS FORGOTTEN WHAT ONE HAS LEARNED IN SCHOOL
“Truthful/Rightful Education creates an eternal bond with the subject and the society”
- Historical construct
- The idea of duty
- Education, in essence, is a bridge between individual and society
- Education empowers you to use it as a tool to interact with the society
- It helps to improve your outlook towards society and peer group from a neutral perspective
- The idea of the difference between education and literacy
- The eternity of the education
- Ability to handle critical situations
- Looking at it as a source for improvement rather than accomplishment
- The acceptance of a change and its continuation even after coming out of the control button
- The need to unlearn to learn
- Not an End In Itself, But A Means To It
MATHEMATICS IS THE MUSIC OF REASON
“There is no study in the world which brings into more harmonious action all the faculties of the mind than [mathematics],”
James Joseph Sylvester
- Importance of Mathematics in society
- Any action not supported by mathematics – creates ripples that remain forever
- The object of pure mathematics is that of unfolding the laws of human intelligence.
- Be it economic, social or political – if the reasons is not based on mathematics, it is bound to fail. Give examples
- Mathematics – supersedes all opinion
- The chances of failure are minimal if decisions are taken based on reasoning supported by mathematics rather than just based on intuition
- Reasoning and intuition – the magical pairing
- Mathematics can help us prepare for any eventuality
- One must be mindful not to be driven purely by math – but with a combination of math and logic
- The societal norms at times precede reasoning based on math
- The importance of timing with math – math is a failure if not timed well
- The burden of mathematics is also fatal